Unlike popular opinion, cholesterol is essential for the body. It is responsible for building healthy cells. But when this cholesterol increases in the body, a lot of heart diseases may be caused. This is why high cholesterol is dangerous for any human being. In this text, we are going to take a look at what cholesterol is and how does it increase in the human body. If you want to know more, continue reading!
What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a very common lipid compound. The consistency of this molecule is waxy and fat like. The liver produces cholesterol naturally. As mentioned above, it helps in the formation of cell membranes. It also corresponds to the synthesis of some hormones and even vitamin D. Since cholesterol does not have the ability to dissolve in water, it does not travel through the blood on it soon. The liver produces some special compounds for the transport of cholesterol which are known as Lipoproteins.
As the word suggests, lipoproteins are composed of lipids and proteins. They carry cholesterol and other types of lipids through the bloodstream. The two popular forms of lipoprotein are low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Out of these two types of Lipoproteins, it is actually the low-density lipoprotein that raises the levels of cholesterol in the blood. This is why it is commonly referred to as bad cholesterol.
Commonly, if the levels of cholesterol are high in the blood, no symptoms are produced. As such, a regular medical examination is necessary for its diagnosis. There are a few factors which may increase an individual's ls risk of bad cholesterol. Let us take a look at them in detail.
Unfortunately, poor diet is one of the most popular causes of having a high cholesterol level in the majority of people. If you have the habit of eating a lot of saturated fats found in animal products along with the trans fats which are found in cookies, crackers and instant popcorn, you are at the risk of increasing your cholesterol. Moreover, red meat and full-fat dairy products are also very rich in cholesterol which means you will also have to cut down on these products to control the increase in cholesterol in your blood.
In taking a balanced diet is very important. Moreover, if you are able to cut down on a few items out of the ones that are mentioned above, you might be able to reduce your risk of developing high cholesterol.
Lack Of Exercise
Exercise not only corresponds to a healthy lifestyle practice, but it also affects the overall health of an individual. When a person does not exercise, there is no increase in the particle size of the low-density lipoprotein. Since the small size of bad cholesterol makes it less harmful, you reduce the probability of such an occurrence by not exercising. Moreover, exercising is also associated with a boost in the body's good cholesterol. As such, one must always take out time to practise a few exercises every day without fail. Even a twenty-minute routine will be helpful.
Also, lack of exercise, along with a poor diet increases the detrimental impact of high cholesterol in the body. Intaking a good diet and exercising regularly can vastly impact cholesterol levels in the body.
It is a clear fact that smoking does not only cause harm to your lungs, but it affects the entire body. Since cigarette smoking is associated with inflammation of the blood vessels, it becomes one of the major causes of accumulation of cholesterol. When smoking damages the blood vessels, it makes them more prone to collect fatty deposits. As such, blood cholesterol gets increased. According to some studies, smoking is also associated with lowering the levels of high-density lipoprotein.
Another important factor that causes a rise in the blood cholesterol level is diabetes. When the blood sugar levels are high, they contribute to a very dangerous type of cholesterol which is known as very-low-density lipoprotein. This type of lipoprotein may contribute to a negative impact on cardiovascular health. Moreover, several patients report a low HDL if they're diabetic. High blood sugar levels also affect the lining of your arteries which results in their damage.
Apart from these well-defined factors, there are a few other causes of high blood cholesterol levels. One of these causes includes age. As a person ages, the body is chemistry also changes and one gets exposed to the risk of having higher cholesterol. This is because the liver becomes no longer able to degrade low-density lipoprotein like it used to.
Another factor that corresponds to high blood cholesterol levels is obesity. Actually, if a person has a body mass index of 30 or greater, then he or she is at a higher risk of increased blood cholesterol.